Question: How Do Chemical Hazards Affect Human Health?

What are the four types of hazardous wastes?

When categorizing hazardous waste, the EPA breaks it down by four characteristics:ignitability, or something flammable.corrosivity, or something that can rust or decompose.reactivity, or something explosive.toxicity, or something poisonous..

What diseases are caused by waste?

The World Health Organization has reported that the pathogens that exist within medical waste can be linked to the following diseases:Parasitic infections. … Meningitis. … Skin infections. … Candida. … Bacteremia. … Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.

What are the causes of chemical based hazards in water bodies?

Some common ways a person may be exposed to hazardous chemicals include:Water. Exposure can occur when people drink contaminated groundwater or surface water, or accidentally ingest it while swimming or showering. … Soil, Sediment, or Dust. … Air. … Food.

What health hazards can be caused by hazardous chemicals?

Some hazardous substances can cause far more severe health effects, including:behavioral abnormalities,cancer,genetic mutations,physiological malfunctions (e.g., reproductive impairment, kidney failure, etc.),physical deformations, and.birth defects.

What are the two main types of chemical hazards?

In the workplace there are two types of chemical hazards: health hazards and physicochemical hazards.

What are three hazards?

All hazards are assessed and categorized into three groups: biological, chemical and physical hazards. A general definition of a hazard as related to food safety is conditions or contaminants that can cause illness or injury.

What are the effects of harmful chemicals in water?

Direct exposure to toxic algae Drinking, accidentally swallowing or swimming in water affected by a harmful algal bloom can cause serious health problems including: Rashes. Stomach or liver illness. Respiratory problems.

How do you manage chemical hazards?

Elimination: Discontinue the use of the hazardous chemical.Substitution: Replace the hazardous chemical with a less hazardous substance.Engineering Controls: Isolate people from the hazardous substance.Administrative controls: Change the way people work.PPE: Protect people with personal protective equipment.

What is an example of physical hazard?

Physical. Physical hazards are environmental factors that can harm an employee without necessarily touching them, including heights, noise, radiation and pressure. Safety. … For example, exposed wires or a damaged carpet might result in a tripping hazard.

What is a chemical health hazard?

The term “health hazard” includes chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins, irritants, corrosives, sensitizers, hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.

What are the effects of chemical hazards?

Depending on the chemical, these longer-term health effects might include:organ damage.weakening of the immune system.development of allergies or asthma.reproductive problems and birth defects.effects on the mental, intellectual or physical development of children.cancer.

How does hazardous waste affect human health?

Exposure to hazardous waste can affect human health, children being more vulnerable to these pollutants. In fact, direct exposure can lead to diseases through chemical exposure as the release of chemical waste into the environment leads to chemical poisoning.

What are the 5 types of hazards?

What types of hazards are there?biological – bacteria, viruses, insects, plants, birds, animals, and humans, etc.,chemical – depends on the physical, chemical and toxic properties of the chemical,ergonomic – repetitive movements, improper set up of workstation, etc.,More items…

What is the effect of hazard?

We define hazards as: “A dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage” (UNISDR, 2009).

What are some examples of chemical hazards?

Some commonly used workplace chemical hazards include:Acids.Caustic substances.Cleaning products such as toilet cleaners, disinfectants, mildew remover and chlorine bleach.Glues.Heavy metals, including mercury, lead, cadmium, and aluminum.Paint.Pesticides.Petroleum products.More items…•